Rondalla is a group of musicians who play stringed instruments. It originated from Spain. They play in public and private performances.
Instruments of the Rondalla
1. Banduria is the leading instrument of a rondalla. It plays the melody or the soprano part. It has 14 strings.
2. Laud is another instrument of the group and plays the second melody or the alto part, but nowadays, this is no longer used. Instead, the banduria is divided into two groups wherein the second group plays the alto part.
3. Octavina plays the third part or tenor part. It plays a counter melody most of the time. It is eight notes or one octave lower than the sound of a banduria. It has fourteen strings, too.
4. Guitar is the accompaniment of the group. It is very important because it provides the rhythmic harmony. It has six strings tuned from the highest namely: E B G D A E.
5. Bass is the biggest instrument of the group. It provides a rhythmic solid sound which completes the harmonic effect of the whole group. It has only four strings tuned from the lowest, namely: E A D G. Only one bass is enough for the entire group, unlike the others where most instruments are needed.
Here is a rondalla arrangement of a Visayan Folk Song Pobreng Alindahaw.